Breakout Rooms in Microsoft Teams

Breakout rooms in Microsoft Teams Meetings enables the meeting organiser to split an online class into separate groups for discussions, projects, and collaborative work.  The guidance below shows you how to set up, run and close breakout rooms in Teams.

Before setting up breakout rooms, there are some important things to be aware of:

  • The meeting organiser can allow presenters to manage breakout rooms. Attendees are not able to create and open breakout rooms.
  • Breakout rooms can only be set up in the desktop app (they can NOT be set up in the browser or mobile app). Students however can participant in breakout rooms from any platform.
  • You can create Breakout Rooms for scheduled or channel meetings. If you have old meetings you don’t have to recreate them to get support for Breakout Rooms.


Create the breakout rooms

  1. Click on the breakout rooms icon (two inset squares). It may take a few moments for the icon to appear after joining a room.Teams breakout rooms icon is two inset squares
  2. Choose how many rooms you'd like to create. A maximum of 50 breakout rooms can be created in one session.
  3. Choose whether you'd like to randomly assign your participants to groups, or if you would like to choose which group they're assigned to.
  4. Click create rooms.Screenshot of the breakout creation screen with four rooms, automatic allocation, and the create buttonbreakout rooms
  5. The groups remain closed until you manually open them. This allows you to have the groups set up at the start of the meeting and open them when ready during the session. You can only assign people to the groups once the meeting has started.

Note: This is the only time you can choose to assign students automatically to rooms. You won't be able to choose this option later.

Add another breakout room

Once you've set up your breakout rooms, it's possible to add further rooms if needed. Within in the breakout room window, choose Add room.

Screenshot show the option to Add Room highlighted

The new breakout room will appear at the bottom of the list:

Screenshot showing the newly-created room added to the bottom of the list of rooms

Delete a breakout room

Click on the ellipsis to the right of the breakout room name and choose Delete room

Screenshot showing the delete room option highlighted within the room settings menu

Rename breakout rooms

Once you've created your breakout rooms, they are assigned default titles (Room 1, Room 2 etc). Renaming isn't essential, but you might find appropriate rooms names provides some additional context to your session.

  1. Hover over the room name and the Closed label will become an ellipsis (***). Click on the ellipsis and choose Rename. Enter the new name for your breakout room and click Rename Room.Screenshot showing the ellipsis highlighted to the right of the room settings

Screenshot showing the Rename Room option highlightedScreenshot showing 1. the field for entering a new room name and 2. the Rename confirmation button

Recreate rooms 

The recreate rooms option allows you to return to the beginning of the breakout rooms process and start from scratch.

Choosing Recreate rooms will delete your existing rooms and create new ones.

  1. Select More options More options button and Recreate rooms.
  2. Follow the steps to create new breakout rooms and assign students accordingly.Screenshot showing 1. the ellipsis option to open the breakout room options; 2. The option to Recreate rooms

Open your breakout rooms

When you’re ready to open your breakout rooms:

  1. In the breakout room window, click Open rooms to open all rooms at once.Screenshot of Teams breakout room options expanded and 'open' room menu highlighted
  2. You can open each room individually by clicking on the ellipsis (***) beside the room name and choosing Open rooms.Screenshot of Teams breakout rooms 'manage room' option with 'open room' highlighted

Note that once students are in their breakout rooms, they have presenter permissions in that room. Tools such as promoting to presenter, screensharing, recording and removing others from that room is enabled for them.

Assigning students to breakout rooms

If you chose to assign students Automatically when creating the rooms, participants will already be assigned to different breakout rooms.

To manually add participants to rooms:

  1. Expand the list under Assign participants.
  2. Hover over the student names until checkboxes appear. Choose students by selecting the checkboxes.
  3. Select More options button and choose a room from the list.
  4. Repeat this process until all students have been assigned to rooms.Screenshot of how to assign students to breakout rooms in Teams. The Assign Students panel with steps 1-4: 1. Dropdown Assign participants at the top; 2. on the left, tick boxes beside student names; 3. Choose more options on the right; 4. Choose which room to assign selected students to.
  5. To view the participants assigned to a breakout room, expand the arrow next to the room's name.

Screenshot of assign participants panel. The collapsible arrow to the left of the room names is highlighted.

Students joining the rooms

There are two ways for your participants to join the rooms once they're open. They can be automatically sent to breakout rooms, or they can be given the choice to join. To set these options

  1. Click on the ellipsis at the top of the breakout room window and choose Room settingsA screenshot showing options for setting how participants move into breakout rooms. The ellipsis at the top right of the panel is highlighted. The 'Room Settings' option is also highlighted from the dropdown menu.
  2. If you want students to be forced to join a room, ensure the Automatically move people into opened rooms is ticked.
  3. To allow students to move between their breakout rooms and the main room, e.g. to ask a question, ensure the option Let people go back to the main meeting is ticked.
    A screenshot showing the highlighted option 'Automatically move people into opened rooms'

Students will see a 10-second countdown banner prior to joining the breakout room.

Move participants between breakout rooms

You're able to move students between breakout rooms if required. However this is currently only possible when the breakout rooms are closed.

  1. In the breakout room window, expand the room information.
  2. Click the checkbox beside the name of the people you wish to move.
  3. Click Assign.
  4. Select the name of the room you wish to move the students to.

Screenshot showing highlighted expanded room information, one selected student, and a room four chosen to move that student into.

Make an announcement in all breakout rooms

The meeting organiser can send an announcement in the meeting chat to all breakout rooms. This is useful for announcing an approaching finish time, or prompting students of the further points for discussion. To make an announcement in all breakout rooms:

  1. In the breakout rooms window, click Make an announcement.Screenshot showing the 'Make an announcement' option highlighted at the top right of the screen.
  2. Write your announcement in the box and press Send. The message will be sent to all breakout rooms and will appear in their chat windows.
  3. Announcements will show up as Important! in the room chat:Screenshot of the Announcement tool in breakout room chat

Students can respond to the announcement and even @mention the organiser if needed.

Joining breakout rooms as the organiser

The organiser of the session is able to join any of the breakout rooms and move between them one at a time. To enter a breakout room:

  1. Click on the ellipsis beside the room name and select join roomScreenshot showing the 'join room' option highlighted for joining the room as the organiser. This option is first in the dropdown list.

Close breakout rooms

When you'd like to stop the breakout rooms and pull everyone back to the main room, you can either close all rooms at once, or choose to close individual rooms. 

To close rooms all at once:

  • In the breakout room window, click Close rooms to close all rooms simultaneously.A screenshot showing the 'Close room' button highlighted to close all rooms at once

To close rooms individually:

  • Click the room's ellipsis *** and click Close room.

Students will receive an on-screen notification to confirm that they will be returning to the main room.

You’ll know that the rooms have successfully closed when their status is set to Closed

What attendees can do in a breakout room 

Every Breakout Room is a full Teams meeting with recording, sharing content, chat, Whiteboard and Together mode.

Within a breakout room students can

  • Text chat with one another within the chat panel. This chat is accessible after the session to participants in that breakout group, as well as the meeting organiser.
  • Use mic and video to communicate within the breakout group.
  • Collaborate on a Whiteboard
  • Collaborate on documents or notebooks
  • Share files
  • Screenshare
  • Record their breakout room. Recordings will be available in the chat panel and in Microsoft Stream after the session. The meeting organiser and the person who initiated the recording will be the owners of the recording and the other room participants viewers:

Screenshot showing viewing permissions for a video recorded in Teams breakout rooms.

Avoid sharing room recordings via the chat panel > Share. It can be easy to accidentally share the recording with the entire organisation. Instead, use Stream permission controls to set who is able to see the recording. For more information on Stream's permission controls, see our help article, Sharing Stream Videos With Your Blackboard Course.

Students moving between the breakout room and the main room

  • If allowed by the session owner when setting up the rooms, students can return to the main room themselves, e.g. to ask a question. They should be careful to choose Return to come back to the main room, however. Choosing Leave will remove them from the entire session and they will need to rejoin:

A screenshot showing the options for participants within a breakout room. The 'return' option has been highlighted.

Accessing the breakout rooms after a session

  1. You can revisit the breakout rooms after the session and view chats, shared files, whiteboards as you can with standard chat areas and meetings. The chat area for each room is available via the standard Teams chat panel:A screenshot showing the breakout room chat available after the session from the standard Teams chat panel.
  2. Participants are not able to add or share files within the chats once the meeting has ended.
  3. You can download an attendance list for each room.

Teams Breakout Rooms – FAQs

The output from any collaborative work within in a breakout room is available in the chat panel for the participants in the relevant breakout room as well as the meeting owner. This can be accessed via the usual teams chat panel in the left-hand menu. The chat panel will have the same name as the breakout room.

Students could also share their screen with the rest of the group, or if preferred the academic could share their screen while the students talk through the content.

If a student initiates a recording within a breakout room, the participants of the breakout room AND the meeting organiser are alerted to a recording being started. The alert also tells you who started the recording. When the recording is stopped, the person who initiated the recording and the meeting organiser are both made owners of the recording. Participants in the associated breakout room are able to view the recording. Recording are therefor unlikely to be made without the organiser being aware and the situation can be quickly remedied if started in error. This could be a good opportunity to remind students of good meeting etiquette and their responsibilities under the student recording policy.

Currently this feature is not available. It is possible to enter the meeting and set the number of breakout rooms and whether allocation should be manual or automatic, but it is not possible to assign students to rooms prior to the meeting starting.

This feature is currently open on Microsoft's User Voice. You can upvote this feature if you would like to see it added to Teams.

As the meeting organiser you have access to the chat panel for each breakout room. You can add questions or resources to each chat as you need. This works when the items you wish to share are different for each group. If the items are the same for each group, a quicker option would be to use the announcement feature which pushes a text announcement to each room simultaneously, or share via the main meeting chat pane.

Teams will continue recording in the main meeting room until you end the meeting or stop the recording. Breakout rooms will not be recorded in this instance. If you wish to record the content of the breakout rooms, this must be initiated from each of the breakout rooms individually.

If you're the meeting organiser, you can delegate presenters to manage the meeting's breakout rooms; this will give select presenters additional meeting permissions. It is not possible to assign 'breakout room manager' roles prior to the meeting (the organiser must wait until the other presenter/s have joined the meeting, before they can delegate ‘breakout room manager’ roles).

*Note, only one person can manage breakout rooms at a time, the other delegated presenters (and meeting owner) may take control of the 'breakout room manager' role as needed during the meeting.

**If no one in the meeting has been designated as a presenter prior to the meeting, you can promote them during the meeting.

What can the breakout rooms manager do?

The breakout rooms manager can:

  • Add and delete rooms
  • Assign and reassign participants to rooms
  • Open and close rooms
  • Join any rooms
  • Set time limits for room sessions
  • Send announcements to all rooms (text only)
  • Recreate rooms

What can delegated presenters (and meeting owner) do?

  • Take control of the breakout room manager role at anytime during the meeting.
  • Remain in the 'Main room' whilst breakout rooms are open.
  • View/contribute to chat posts emerging from other rooms.
  • Move freely between rooms (enabled by breakout room manager).

How to appoint breakout room manager roles during the meeting

  1. In the meeting controls, select Breakout rooms.
    screenshot showing breakout rooms icon

  2. Select the number of rooms required. You may choose whether participants will be automatically ('randomly') or manually assigned to rooms. During the meeting, the breakout rooms manager can adjust the number of rooms and manually move participants between rooms.
    screenshot showing room options
  3. Select Room settings.
    screenshot showing breakout rooms settings icon
  4. Switch the Assign presenters to manage rooms toggle on and search for presenters and choose from the drop down list.screenshot showing assign presenters toggle
  5. If no one in the meeting is designated as a presenter, select Go to Meeting options to add presenters and choose who you want to be a room manager.
  6. Select the back button < to save your changes.
    screenshot showing back button

Switch control of breakout rooms

Only one presenter can control the breakout rooms at a time.

  1. In the meeting controls, select Breakout rooms. You can see who the current manager is (for example, Jackie is in control).
  2. Select Manage rooms.You're now the breakout rooms manager. Join open rooms, make an announcement, and more.

Tip: During the meeting, when you restart rooms they will contain the same participants as previously opened. If desired, you can delete all the breakout rooms and set them up differently (see Recreate breakout rooms from scratch).

Page last updated on March 1, 2022 by jackiefairbairn

Print Friendly, PDF & Email