Prior to the launch of the EMA programme, we conducted a review of the existing research into electronic management of assessment in the UK. 

This research is broken down into two areas:

  1. Online assessment project reports across the sector

  2. Online assessment across the sector

Explore this research in the panels below.

Alternatively, you can explore our internal EMA research in the Case Study Library.



Djordjevic, A., & Milward, S. (2012) OCME final report.


This report presents a summary of the findings of the OCM project (Online Coursework Management Evaluation) running at the University of Exeter from 2010. This project moved towards the creation of an end-to-end electronic assessment process working with both Moodle, Turnitin and the existing student records systems.

Ellis, C., & Reynolds, C. (2013) EBEAM final report.

This report outlines the findings of the EBEAM (Evaluating the Benefits of Electronic Assessment management) project funded jointly by JISC and The University of Huddersfield from 2011-2013. This project focused on providing evidenced support for some of the benefits claimed by institutions who had already moved from paper based to online assessment.

Ferrell, G. (2016) Electronic Management of Assessment-Technology supporting assessment and feedback at Keele.

This page summarises the STAF project (Supporting staff in the use of Technology for Assessing and giving Feedback) run at Keele University from 2010 to 2011. The project was designed to support staff in their use of existing technologies in order to improve the assessment experience for all involved.

Gallacher,D et al. (2014) Assessing with e-Ase, The Centre for Academic Practice Enhancement, Middlesex University.

This report summarises the experiences of a phased-in approach to e-assessment at Middlesex University from 2010.

Queen's University Belfast (2014) E-Assessment and Feedback for Effective Course Transformation (e-AFFECT).

This paper evaluates the e-Affect project running in Queen's University Belfast from 2011 until 2014. This JISC funded project aimed to significantly improve the staff and student experience of assessment and feedback through the use of technology.

Swift, N. & Dransfield, M. (2011) Interim Project Report on E-Submission and Marking, York St John University.

This initial report summarises the conclusions drawn from the first phase of a project supporting electronic assignment submission and marking at York St John from 2010/11. It outlines the benefits and challenges of a number of technical approaches to online assessment trialed at the Business School.

The University of Glamorgan (2014) Evaluation of Assessment Diaries and GradeMark at the University of Glamorgan.

This report outlines the introduction of Assessment Diaries and GradeMark in two faculties at the University of Glamorgan from 2011 until 2012. It explores the impact of each approach to assessment bunching and on the quality of feedback provided.

University of Hertfordshire (2013) Final Evaluation Report for the ITEAM Project.

This JISC-funded project focused on the institution wide use of electronic voting systems, Questionmark Perception, on-line submission and the development of a new Student Progress Dashboard. This report outlines the impact of this project from 2011 on the assessment and feedback experience as well as the promotion of student support.



Bancroft, P. at al. (2003) "Web-based assignment submission and electronic marking", paper presented at the 26th Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia (HERDSA) Annual Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand.

This 2003 article outlines the benefits to students of using an online assignment system at the Queensland University of Technology and how developments in technology had started to meet the demands of markers.

Bridge, P. & Appleyard, R. (2008) "A comparison of electronic and paper-based assignment submission and feedback". British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(4), 644-650.

This paper presents the findings of a study looking at student perceptions of online submission, marking and feedback compared to traditional systems. It explores a range of benefits and challenges facing those using online systems.

Buckley, E., & Cowap, L. (2013) "An evaluation of the use of Turnitin for electronic submission and marking and as a formative feedback tool from an educator's perspective". British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(4), 562-570.

This project piloted both online marking and Turnitin across a first year psychology cohort at a UK University to evaluate functionality and impact on staff.

Dahl, S. (2007) "Turnitin: The student perspective on using plagiarism detection software". Active Learning in Higher Education, 8(2), 173-191.

This paper explores student reactions to the use of Turnitin on a postgraduate course. It outlines some of the more positive reactions and explores some of the potential drivers behind less favorable responses.

Downton, A., Glasfurd-Brown, G., & Mossop, R. (2006) "Online coursework submission from pilot to university-wide implementation: rationale, challenges and further development", paper presented at the 10th CAA International Computer Assisted Assessment Conference, Loughborough, UK.

This 2006 paper charts the journey at the University of Essex towards institution wide online coursework submission.

Ellis, C. (2012) "Streamlining plagiarism detection: The role of electronic assessment management". International Journal for Educational Integrity, 8(2), 46-56.

This paper considers how a greater use of plagiarism detection services, as part of the introduction of online assessment, impacts on staff with particular focus on workload issues.

Ferrell, G. (2012) A view of the assessment and feedback landscape: Baseline analysis of policy and practice.

This report offers an overview of baseline reviews published by a number of institutions engaging in EMA. It outlines the significant challenges identified as well as key drivers for change across the sector.

Ferrell, G. (2014) Electronic Management of Assessment (EMA): A Landscape Review.

This detailed report offers a summary of EMA take up across the sector, technologies in use, challenges and case studies covering all areas of the end to end assessment lifecycle.

Gray, L. & Ferrell, G. (2013) Electronic assessment management.

This source is part of the JISC EMA project pages. It summarises what is meant by EMA before outlining the benefits and challenges, particularly those surrounding implementation and major change management. It includes links to case studies for further information.

Jones, D., & Behrens, S. (2003) Online assignment management: An Evolutionary Tale, paper presented at the 36th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-03), Big Island, HI, USA.

This study explores the introduction of online submission, marking and feedback across a range of institutions. It investigates the drivers behind adoption as well as the process of implementation, growth and adaption. It considers impact on existing practice and flexibility of new processes given a broad range of demands.

Newland, B., & Martin, L., (2016) Heads of E-learning Survey Report: Electronic management of assessment in UK HE 2016.

This annual publication summarises the findings of the HeLF survey on the use of Electronic Management of Assessment in UK Higher Education.

Sharpe, R., Benfield, G., & Francis, R. (2006) "Implementing a University e-Learning Strategy: Levers for change within academic schools". Research in Learning Technology, 14(2), 135-151.

This paper outlines the development and implementation of an e-learning strategy at Oxford Brookes.

Yorke, M. (1998) "The Management of Assessment in Higher Education". Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 23(2), 101-116.

This study looks at the management of assessment and what it means to be effective. It looks at factors that impact on this effectiveness and outlines ways forward for institutions surrounding assessment practice.